should quilt borders be cut crosswise or lengthwise

Write down this measurement, and cut both side borders to this length, preferable on the lengthwise grain (which doesn’t stretch.) It took me awhile to figure out how to successfully sew on a border. Although you can have dozens of border options to think about when planning your quilt, you most likely will use one of two basic types.The easiest and most common border style is the plain border, shown in Figure 1. Borders are cut lengthwise, less seams. It has the least amount of stretch or flexibility compare to the other two types. This group is for pictures of simple, fresh, modern quilts. Half Rectangles HRT Unlike bindings, borders do not generally need the added stretch inherent in bias cuts. If you were working from graph paper, the number of squares would give you the finished border top width and length (no seam allowance). Curved-edged quilts must be bound with bias binding. CUT top and bottom border strips the average width the quilt. Block. Here is where the difference is really apparent. Many quilters elect to use the lengthwise grain for borders because it does not stretch as much as the crosswise. Several things to note. Measure the quilt from top to bottom through its vertical midpoint. Borders cut along the lengthwise grain will lay flatter than borders cut along the crosswise grain. If you plan to cut the borders crosswise (from selvage to selvage), cut as many strips as you need and join them end to end with diagonal seams. Double check that the measurements you just took and the numbers for "horizontal cut" and "Vertical cut" found on page 2 of the cutting diagram, match. If the top is longer, then put the top next to the feed dogs. Seemingly minor differences in cutting technique can yield big differences in the handling and layout of your pieces. Right now, after I add a couple of borders to my quilt WIP it should finish out around 54" x 58." It has less stretch and more stability than the crosswise grain. The first step in cutting long quilt borders is folding your fabric down to a manageable size that will fit on your cutting mat. Quilt Binding in Lengthwise Grain Lengthwise binding is cut on the lengthwise grain (parallel to the selvage) of your fabric. Also, please don’t sew on a border strip and then cut it to length. Crosswise and lengthwise stretch is also taken in consideration when deciding on the pattern's cutting direction. These numbers found on page 2 of the cutting diagram should be equal to the measurements you just took. Marti cuts crosswise strips for binding because she stretches the binding as it is applied to draw up any excess in the edges of the quilt. The borders usually need to be pieced but less fabric is required. In my teaching, I have found that a majority of quilters align the lengthwise grain (by aligning selvages) and cut crosswise strips. Although there is quite a bit of the blue I want in the print, some border strips cut parallel to the selvage will have almost no blue. I was very unsure, but after reading this simple explanation I know what I can do. Mostly, we didn't want borders to be the only place where you had to remember that the numbers to put in were not finished sizes. If you plan to cut the borders crosswise (from selvage to selvage), cut as many strips as you need and join them end to end with diagonal seams. The quilt with the borders cut across the WOF is more balanced and interesting to look at. Quilting Designs Created with Sketch. Borders should be cut along the lengthwise grain of the fabric . I do occasionally add one but if I can do without – I do without. With a crosswise cut, you'll need to piece border strips together for larger quilts. 5. Bias binding is good for quilts whose edges have curves, such a quilt with scalloped edges. Suppose you've made a lot of blocks from scraps and the edges all behave differently. For example, here is a large-scale print I want to use as the outside border for my quilt. Write down this measurement, and cut both side borders to this length, preferable on the lengthwise grain (which doesn’t stretch.) With either method- the key to the seam not showing is to press the seam open — not to one side. Sometimes, I just sew from block to block. The selvage edges of fabric are made up of the lengthwise and crosswise threads that have been tightly woven, and measure about 1/2" wide and appear in a lighter thread color than the main fabric color or print. By this, I mean that you take hold of the border and the top about 6-9" from the needle, and guide them into the machine. For the next figure, I have superimposed cutting lines on the fabric to show the difference in the appearance of the borders after the fabric is cut. Then, when she is piecing the sub-cuts together, she uses the stretch of the crosswise grain to match points. Bias: The 45˚ angle between lengthwise and crosswise grain. When your hand reaches near the needle, stop, and then take hold and guide the same amount through the machine. 08-14-2013, 01:51 PM #2 Treasureit. A Note About Fabric Grain and Quilt Borders. Cut the border strips on the lengthwise grain of the fabric whenever possible. Borders cut along the lengthwise grain will lay flatter than borders cut along the crosswise grain. Created with Sketch. And then I pin each of the ends, where the end of the border strip meets the end of the quilt top. outside of a block or quilt should be cut on the lengthwise grain. Measure your quilt top from top to bottom, and left to right as described in hint #1. Either crosswise or lengthwise grain will work for the outer edges. The cut edge is the crosswise grain and the selvage edge is the lengthwise grain. If the borders are not square, there will be some excess stretching on the strips’ edges. Because all fabric stretches and has a memory, there are a few terms to know: If you cut along the lengthwise grain, you will not have any seams and very little stretch. One thing to remember when using QuiltSandwich, is that the yardage calculator assumes that  if any strips need to be sewn together to get the right length, a straight seam is used. You own the fabric so cut it the best way that it works for your quilt. Yardage Calculation. They can stabilize and help you square-up the outer edges of blocks or quilt tops. Camera-not-available See the difference in these quilt mock-ups below. Find the center of the quilt top by folding it in half and mark the center with a pin. Border for small quilt - crosswise or lengthwise. And if the fabric is one of those large-scale prints so popular today, the borders may look better cut across the fabric width. The strips for binding can be cut from the straight of grain, lengthwise or crosswise, or on the bias. Get-Started Produce sliced lengthwise should look like this: Credit: Rebecca Firkser . The lengthwise grain runs parallel to the selvage and is stronger and stretches less than the crosswise grain which runs from selvage-to-selvage. Sew the strips together using a 1/4" seam. When creating a border one has to be very careful that it looks right with and carries on the theme of the quilt center. Cutting along the lengthwise grain will, however, take more fabric. After many trials with cutting borders and piecing border and finally quilting borders – I decided that I would break the ultimate rule – I would stop designing borders on my quilts LOL!! This keeps the long dimension on the LW grain. The borders usually need to be pieced but less fabric is required. Second, the borders would not need to be pieced with adequate yardage. The outer edge of the quilt used to frame the central section of the quilt top. Then match the ends of the border strip to the ends of the quilt top. Join Date: Mar 2007. Handmade Bags To add straight borders to your quilt, lay your quilt on a flat surface, and measure the length of the quilt at the center. When sewing on multiple borders, continue to measure through the center area of the quilt; average the measurements. Avoid large sections of backing cut on the bias. LOL, the only Quilt Police around is yourself!xoxoxo. Breaking the border-cutting "rules" | Quilt Views & News Pinning for Better Borders | Quilt Views & News This tip was contributed by Marje Rhine, pattern editor for American Quilter magazine. If the border strip is longer than the quilt top, then put the border strip on the bottom so the feed dogs can help ease the border on. Location: Becky. Although there is quite a bit of the blue I want in the print, some border strips cut parallel to the selvage will have almost no blue. It has the least amount of stretch or flexibility compare to the other two types. You can use the crosswise grain of the fabric if you don't want a pieced border, note these will be stretchy. Photos via Thread Riding Hood. This is the most common technique, as it is the most economical use of fabric. Cutting along the lengthwise grain will, however, take more fabric. When using a large print for a border, I often cut both lengthwise and crosswise pieces for the border to have the print go the “right” way on all sides. This direction is very firm and has no give, or stretch. It sounds goofy, but it’s true. This is one reason why pins are helpful! You could have strips that are entirely blue fans. But let's say you want to grill an onion and you want all the layers to stay intact as a little onion wedge. I sometimes cut extra long lengthwise strips for borders so I can get them in one piece without seams. assorted print, dot, and stripe, cut: n. 4—5×18" strips From black print, cut: n. 8—2 . Crosswise is simply slicing in the opposite direction—like the lines of latitude on a globe, or going around the circumference of a sphere. If your border needs to be eased to the quilt use the crosswise grain. Can you help? To add straight borders to your quilt, lay your quilt on a flat surface, and measure the length of the quilt at the center. Whenever possible, I like to cut borders along the lengthwise grain because that grain is more stable. Suppose the same style blocks are just a bit different, crosswise may give you just the fudge factor you need. Have a quilt that is fresh, offbeat, and modern? 9. I have read that if you don't want the seam in the border strips to be seen, then a mitered seam is the way to go. Of course, this cutting decision would require EXTREME CARE in handling the cut fabric to prevent ugly stretching. Fabric squares and rectangles are nearly always cut with their edges along the straight grains to minimize stretch during sewing and handling. “Most quilters know to measure through the center of the quilt and then cut borders to fit before stitching them on. no matter which way you want to calculate. Border and Bindings: Sometimes you want to choose the grain. I pin at the center, where the center of the quilt top and the center of the border strip are matched. Repeat measuring, cutting, and pinning for the crosswise sides. Reply. If you have enough fabric to cut the borders lengthwise (along the selvage), cut 2 border strips to the proper width and a few inches longer than the sides of the quilt center. If cutting the sewing pattern on the crosswise grain allows for more stretch in the finished garment, then a crosswise cut may end up being the more appropriate choice. It’s easy to avoid; simply follow the instructions below. You can stitch the plain border with squared corners or with mitered corners, depending on your expertise. Let's start at the beginning for this one:  How do you know which is lengthwise and crosswise grain? For borders to have the lengthwise fabric grain running from top to bottom on all sides: Cut the long left and right borders of your quilt on the lengthwise grain. Even more important, if the quilt will hang on a wall, I always use lengthwise grain strips for the left and right side borders and crossgrain strips for the top and bottom borders. Crosswise grain is when you cut the fabric from the fold to the selvedge, or from selvedge to selvedge. Download the 'How to Add Borders' PDF. Rebecca Firkser. n. 6—1. Preparing Quilt Design Most quilters will, however, line up the lengthwise grain and cut their strips crosswise. February was the flying geese border and the green border. This center measurement represents the true size of your quilt. (She often buys 3/4 yd lengths.) With a crosswise cut, you'll need to piece border strips together for larger quilts. 1 ⁄ 2 ×42" strips for inner border. Note: that is why some quilters feel borders should always be cut from lengthwise strips of fabric- they will stretch less. Sometimes you just have to cut lengthwise instead of crosswise on fabric. The lengthwise grain gets it’s strength from the warp threads which are continuous all … Heather explains how … Binding Cut Sizes Measure carefully: Accurate measuring is just as important when piecing the back as it is when constructing blocks or adding borders. There are a couple of good reasons for this. I use three pins to help me sew on my border strips. She always told us to use the lengthwise grain so they wouldn’t pull out of shape so bad. In this example I measured, cut and then pinned the border to the quilt, easing as… Read more », Thank you for this article. If the yardage calculator measurements don't match then adjust the size of the quilt top accordingly. Will do corner blocks too.... Any advice appreciated! 11-03-2020, 08:12 AM #7 joe'smom. There are many ways to quilt and many reasons for quilting. Triangles There is not just one way. Crosswise cuts are typically called for when you want to make rounds of even thickness, like onion rings or tomato slices for a bagel. Cut two border strips that match the measurement exactly, using the width you've already determined looks best with the quilt. Decide whether to cut borders on the lengthwise grain or crosswise grain — QuiltSandwich cutting diagrams can help! Created with Sketch. I’m hoping to provide a inspiration resource for those of us who are impatiently waiting for a new book from Denyse Schmidt or for a new artist with her sensibility to emerge. Often, instructions simply state to cut "on the straight of grain." There might be Fifty Ways to Leave Your Lover, but you can cut strips for binding quilts in only one of three ways: straight grain, cross grain or on the bias. It’s pretty straight forward to make fabric binding by cutting lengthwise or crosswise strips. Cut the border strips on the lengthwise grain of the fabric whenever possible. Borders made with crosswise grain strips are somewhat more stretchy than lengthwise grain border strips, but either type is suitable. A: Although you might think you’re saving fabric by cutting across the grain (from selvage to selvage), it’s best to cut lengthwise. Doing small 40" x 50" lap quilt - can i get away with border on that cut on crosswise as my matching fabric is only "20" long by wof. I often cut my borders across the width of the fabric (WOF) from selvage to selvage. The selvage edges of fabric are made up of the lengthwise and crosswise threads that have been tightly woven, and measure about 1/2" wide and appear in a lighter thread color than the main fabric color or print. While “crosswise” doesn’t really explain much, “lengthwise” is pretty easy to remember. For a square quilt straight grain binding, meaning fabric strips cut cross grain or length-wise grain, will work well. Cut and sewn. On page 2 of the Cutting Diagram look for the words "horizontal cut" and "vertical cut". Gee, if I wanted a lot of the blue I would likely have just spaced my cuts so each one had the blue, but the wof if fine too. While this may seem simple, there are several steps that need to be taken to ensure that the fabric is on the straight of grain and as flat as possible. Crosswise or lengthwise. All pieces for the back must be measured, cut to size and pinned every 3-4” when sewing. I’ve always spent considerable time and energy planning and making borders for my quilts to enhance their overall appearance and impact. Position and pin the strips perpendicular to one … Gives my quilts a whole new look! You want to cut crosswise. Now to add my first border……. , so no seam allowance will be added. First, there is less stretch in the fabric parallel to the selvage so less likelihood of wavy borders. Partial blocks from the body of the quilt can be used effectively in borders. Borders cut on the crossgrain have a little ‘give’. Half Square Triangles HST January's block was the center piece with all of the quarter square triangles followed by the red border. lengthwise sashing may give the quilt more stability. The particular orientation of the fabric as you lay out and cut your pieces will produce different amounts of stretch, or give, in each piece. Just cut the strips the width you need, sew the number … I have tried both, and honestly, I think it depends on the fabric. Can you help? A lengthwise grain border gives the quilt stability. Here's the downside: You will need A LOT more fabric to use lengthwise grain. The difference is that when the actual top is measured, that number includes the seam allowance. 2. Bias cuts are the most stretchy cuts you can make. These steps should help you create a flat, smooth and stable quilt top. Strips are usually cut on the lengthwise grain and pieced for length. Some of that care might be reduced if you "cut" the fabric by running it through the serger after drawing straight lines onto the fabric to follow as you serge. Borders made with crosswise grain strips are somewhat more stretchy than … Lynette's block of the month is a medallion quilt, so it is all about the borders. She rolled them really tight to get a good stitch and if the borders were cut on the cross grain they were wavy after quilting no matter how carefully they were measured, cut or attached. PRESS seam allowance open to reduce bulk. I usually always end up not having enough fabric without piecing anyway, so I just do the selvage to selvage and then I'm careful to use the design to mix or match as I like the results. In projects larger than 42" in length or width, we usually specify that the border strips be cut the width (crosswise grain) of the fabric and pieced to use the least amount of fabric. But we all know there are no quilt police and there are good reasons to occasionally break the quilting ‘rules.’ I often cut my borders across the width of the fabric (WOF) from selvage to selvage. Hello, I have a question about how to lay out my fabric for a quilt back. They can stabilize and help you square-up the outer edges of blocks or quilt tops. My thought was if you cut the material at the fold it would be 22 inches, as most is 44/45 wide. The stretch in the bias makes it easier to … Go into SuperCalc for the border calculation you want (horizontal, vertical, or mitered borders) and input these measurements. Senior Member . Cutting Diagram Add it to the group! One of the local quilt shops where I live used to write patterns where borders were cut from the lengthwise grain. I've actually done diagonal cuts of fabric for the borders….and yes, it's tricky…but the look was worth it! I’ve seen many quilters just measure the side of the quilt the border will be sewn to and cut the border to that length. This is a fine point- but one worth noting. If you have multiple borders and it is too expensive to buy enough fabric to cut them all on the lengthwise grain, try to at least cut the outer border of the quilt on the lengthwise grain to stabilize the outer edge. Bias. The QuiltSandwich team thought long and hard about whether or not we should use the finished size of the quilt top or the actual top measurement to calculate the border yardage. I have seen many a potential quilter be discouraged from quilting because of the quilt police. Don’t be afraid to break the rules if, in the end, you like the quilt better.”, Why not cut the fabric diagonally? Join Date: Oct … This is especially useful when using a one-way print. QuiltSandwich lets you set Binding and Borders to either Crosswise or Lengthwise grain — … The best design will provide a natural stopping point for the viewer's eye. While it would be nice to just start at the top of the border and then put the pedal to to the metal and sew on the border, you will be more successful if you sew in short spurts. Use the same tape measure, measure the border fabric, and cut along the lengthwise grain of fabric. This tight selvage edge is unusable in a quilt and must be cut off when starting to create your quilt blocks. Essentially, it means to slice vertically along the lengthy side on something, which is particularly simple to figure out when it comes to ingredients that have long sides, like carrots or strips of bacon. Cut crosswise strips the desired width, cutting enough strips to equal the total length needed. Motif-fabric Chances are, the center measurement won't be the same as the side measurement. If you want to miter the seam, you will need more fabric, so just look at the cutting diagram to see if you will have enough "left" to accommodate the number of miters you will need. Posts: 706 I cut selvage to selvage. If you pull at the fabric along the lengthwise grain, you will notice that it does not move much. Using the lengthwise grain to your advantage will mean that when you are sewing the border strip to the quilt top, it will stretch less and you will minimize not having the end of the border strip not matching to the end of the quilt top. It's not the width of the border that makes this desirable so much as it is the length of the border; there is more chance for distortion in a longer length. First, the quilt with the measured borders is straight and flat. Die Cut Questions are answered by the app developer. Cut border strips. Cutting Strips for Fabric Binding. Borders cut on the lengthwise grain do not have ‘give’. If one direction stretches more than the other, that is the crosswise grain. I am also aware that I need to have extra quilt back & batting around my quilt top for wiggle room and such. Created with Sketch. Reply. I have no doubt that they will! Go into SuperCalc for the border calculation you want (horizontal, vertical, or mitered borders) and input these measurements. (Crosswise grain also has more stretch than the lengthwise grain, but less than the bias.) Sometimes I have to move my pins to I can see them — because I usually forget to check to see which is longer before I pin — but its only 3 pins — so not too bad! Also, the same motifs repeat often in a lengthwise border strip. Created with Sketch. Diagram for cutting borders for a quilt that will hang on the wall. Inner borders can be cut cross-grain. Unless I'm cutting vines for applique, then I cut on the bias. Please, DO NOT do that! ​QUILTPAPER — Graph Paper for Quilt Design. […] Breaking the border-cutting "rules" | Quilt Views & News Pinning for Better Borders | Quilt Views & News This tip was contributed by Marje Rhine, pattern editor for American Quilter magazine. Find the center of the border strip, and mark that with a pin. The lengthwise grain is more stable so the border will have less stretch than borders cut on crosswise grain. Borders can be kind of fussy particularly when borders are added on top of borders — whether plain or pieced — so I though I would share with you the things I have learned about borders. Fabric-Stash Cutting Crosswise vs. Lengthwise: BuzzFeed Food Breaks It Down (PHOTO) Stop worrying whether you're cutting your veggies correctly. The key to adding borders that help keep your quilt square is measuring correctly. Straight Grain Binding. It means that there will be some bias; hence it will be hard to unwind the fabric. Should quilt borders be cut crosswise or lengthwise? All It's a very fine lightweight cotton. This was good for them because they would sell more fabric. We were just talking about quilt police at our bee today….we decided that quilts show one's own creativity and so we should do what pleases us not what the "rules" say. Reply. If you cut it crosswise the fabric will have some stretch. Single-fold bias tape. Because all fabric stretches and has a memory, there are a few terms to know: If you cut along the lengthwise grain, you will not have any seams and very little stretch. American Quilter magazine pattern editor Marje Rhine shares her views on cutting fabric borders: “Quilters are usually taught to cut quilt borders parallel to the selvage.

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