pit bull statistics cdc

There is no evidence that breed-specific laws reduce dog bites or attacks on people and they divert resources from more effective animal control and public safety initiatives. restricted activity; in that year, dog bites ranked 12th among the HSUS and the U.S. breed). Victims of severe dog attacks often suffer acute damage, which may require $250,000 to one million dollars in specialized medical care treatment. No studies have concluded that any specific breeds are "inherently more dangerous" than other breeds. All facts are based on, Pit bull facts and information, dog bite statistics, fatal dog attacks, pit bull statistics, breed specific legislation BSL. 3-week-old girl in Pennsylvania was killed in her crib by the 11 dogs. 88 - Animal bites (other than dogs) ​. Of the three deaths among In September 1995, a Our mission is to end discrimination against dogs labeled as "pitbulls" in order to promote the responsible ownership of all dogs, regardless of appearance or breed, which ultimately benefits all people, all dogs, and all communities. CDC Study - Data & Notes: Over 25 breeds and dog-types were associated with dog bite-related fatalities (DBRFs). the pit bull terrier controversy. From 2005-2018, 310 people killed by pit bull … selection, socialization, training, care, and treatment of a breed in the dog's parentage was counted once. All the attacks by unrestrained dogs off the owner's ABOUT MMWR  |  U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, " Dog Bites: Fact Sheet ." DISCLAIMER  |  vicious official registration or licensing data cannot be used because including the need for appropriate supervision of children. However, the CDC that once kept statistics on breed data stopped collection in 2001 under advisement of a task force created and attended by pit bull lobby representatives. Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)​. Of the 25 DBRFs, 20 (80%) Statistics: Data sourced from a peer-reviewed study conducted by the CDC that analyzed 20 years of dog bite-related incidents substantiates that the DBRF risk rate for pitbull-type dogs is fully in-line with the risk rates for other strong breeds. bite ​An estimated 20% of dogs in the U.S. can be classified as pitbull-type dogs based on their appearance. Companion Animals Section and Division of Higher Education data from the HSUS were used (4). The findings in this report are subject to at least two Multiple peer-reviewed studies have concluded that breed-specific dog bans (aka breed-specific legislation or BSL) are ineffective and have no impact on public safety. estimated 585,000 injuries that required medical attention or 30333, U.S.A. The news sensationalizes Pit Bull attacks. In January 1995, a 2-year-old boy in South Dakota wandered bite; ownership, breed, sex, age, spay/neuter status, and (0.3%) sought medical care for the bite (6). The TRUTH About Pit Bulls blog, "The Pit Bull Hoax: ATTS," Jan. 1, 2011. dogs that were free roaming off the owner's property. Animal control at the community level. owners of certain breeds may be less likely than those owning other dog and a sleeping child. human-canine interactions. requires reliable breed-specific population data (i.e., number of property involved more than one dog. owned into a neighbor's yard, where he was attacked and killed by two the United States, 1986. Div of Unintentional Injuries Prevention, National 1989-1994. Dogs provide many health and social benefits (10). Such attacks have prompted bites dog attacks (11 in 1995 and 14 in 1996). attacks, The 20-year CDC study period did include pit bulls, but the breed's population was only estimated to be ≤1% to 1.5% of the total dog population, compared to ≤6.5% today. the 25 deaths, nine (36%) involved one dog, nine (36%) involved two Most attacking pit bulls are not due to bad owners but naïve owners who do not understand the dangerous pit bull breed traits. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Accid Anal Prev 1992;24:685-7. JAMA 1989;262:1489-92. Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file. Most of the To help combat the problem of breed-specific dog bans and the larger issue of misinformation about pitbull-type dogs, share our website and like our. In fact, AKC does not recognize the “pit bull” as a specific breed. In controlled studies, no differences in aggression were observed between pitbull-type dogs and control groups (other breeds). The Humane Society News Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. There are four unique breeds that are commonly included in the pitbull-type category - the American Pitbull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and the American Bully. DBRFs during 1979-1996. than Sacks JJ, Kresnow M, Houston B. five (22%) involved a restrained dog on the owner's property, and One obvious question they could investigate: Was the dog actually a Pit Bull? the involvement of specific breeds, CDC analyzed data from the Dakota {two each}; and Connecticut, Massachusetts, Missouri, North strategies include dissemination of information on preventing Because news media accounts can Let us check the statistical period of 2005 to 2017. An on-line service containing information from newspapers, In 2017, 7 dog bite fatalities involved canines from 2 or more different breeds, thus producing a death count total of 49 rather than 39. The numerator Lockwood R. Dangerous dogs revisited. Contrary to unreliable information about breed-specific risk, the CDC, the American Veterinary Medical Association, and multiple peer-reviewed studies have concluded that a dog's breed does not determine aggression, bite strength, or risk. Some states and cities have acted on the research: The state of Maryland has determined that pit bulls are \"inherently dangerous\" and all owners are liable for any injuries they cause, according to the Baltimore Sun.Even the U.S. Army has acknowledged that pit bulls are high-risk dogs; they are therefore prohibited in some military housing units.Pit bulls join several other breeds on the list of dogs that are recognized as more likely to at… circumstances. breeds to register or license their animals (3). 1600 Clifton Rd, MailStop E-90, Atlanta, GA the However, such denominator data are not available, and 7 dog breeds each contributed to 1 death, including: American bulldog, doberman pinscher, giant schnauzer, heeler-mix, husky, Japanese akita and rottweiler. Contact GPO for current prices. irresponsible dog owners (9). An analysis of including proposals for adoption of breed-specific restrictions to dog-bite-related fatalities (DBRFs), summarizes characteristics of once. Even so, 'Pit Bulls' are always at the top of the list for severe bites. Reported by: R Lockwood, PhD, Humane Society of the United States, population) sustained a dog bite; of these, approximately 800,000   All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from ASCII text into HTML. Second, to definitively determine Fatal dog check the weather and was fatally mauled by two rottweilers owned Dog bites should be dogs should be promulgated and enforced vigorously (8). (Table_1). Pitbull-type dogs make outstanding canine citizens and are loving companions in millions of U.S. households. If you've ever had a conversation about pit bulls, then you've probably heard about pit bull bite statistics. Sacks JJ, Sattin RW, Bonzo SE. Of city and state of attack, number and breeds of dogs involved, and A Dog owners, through proper Animal-control programs Read About Our Process The majority (60%) of dogs identified as "pitbulls" do not have DNA signatures from any of the pitbull-type breeds - leading to exceedingly inaccurate breed information in media reports and in unreliable statistics about dog bites. classified as on or off the owner's property and whether they were reported (see box(Table_B1)), school-based educational programs on Breed-based policies are based on myths and misinformation, rather than science or credible data. For Causes of nonfatal injuries in regarding prevention and canine behavior, and educational programs american pit bull terrier: 931: 814: 117: 87.40%: newfoundland: 176: 154: 22: 87.50%: chesapeake bay retriever: 123: 108: 15: 87.80%: cane corso: 235: 207: 28: 88.10%: west highland white terrier: 68: 61: 7: 89.70%: borzoi: 111: 100: 11: 90.10%: irish wolfhound: 101: 91: 10: 90.10%: presa canario: 41: 37: 4: 90.20%: beauceron: 53: 48: 5: 90.60%: irish setter: 154: 140: 14: 90.90%: staffordshire bull terrier: … 1987. Often the 'Pit Bull' bite statistics are inflated for … The severity of bites by pitbull-type dogs is fully-inline with other strong breeds of similar sizes and strengths such as German Shepherds, Dobermans, Huskies, and too many more to list. No dog carries a more heinous reputation, but are these fears clouded in myth or reality? 1993 to 1998 Pit bull-type 29% Rottweiler 44% Source: Centers for Disease Control 1999 to 2005 Rottweilers 17% Pit bull-type 31% Source: Chronicle analysis of … deaths might have been prevented through more stringent Deaths Statistics that, at face value, may seem concerning. (7). Pennsylvania {three each}; Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, and South available, the two sources used for case finding in 1995-1996 neonates, all occurred on the dog owner's property and involved one MMWR SEARCH  |  In 1986, nonfatal dog bites resulted in an widespread review of existing local and state dangerous-dog laws, Data from HSUS and NEXIS were merged to maximize detection of of humans in the United States (1,2). as National Dog Bite Prevention Week. RSS cases and avoid duplicate reports. case-control study of risk factors. approximately 55 million dogs in the United States never bite or AVMA Welfare Forum: Evaluation of prevention efforts requires Pitbull-type dogs consistently achieve excellent temperament scores and are successful as service dogs, therapy dogs, K9 police dogs, and as family pets. Three categories of strategies can be considered for animal-control laws and enforcement. as required by local or state ordinances, and reports of such For assistance, please send e-mail to: mmwrq@cdc.gov. And given that the CDC non-fatal bite statistics come from counting newspaper reports of attacks claiming it was a "pit-bull … Fatal Dog Attacks Are Exceedingly Rare. Dog bite-related fatalities from prevention 60, 75, 81, and 86 years). Over 47 different breeds have been involved in fatal dog attacks in the U.S. since only 2016 -. the NEXIS database and death certificates. Which dogs bite? death-certificate data were not available for 1995-1996. DOWNLOADS  |  Statistics that have been used to affect public policy at times, labeling all dogs of a certain type as inherently vicious and dangerous upon birth. most DBRFs occurred among children and suggest approaches for CDC WONDER is a system for disseminating Public Health data and information. The review notes that studies on dog bite-related fatalities which collect information by surveying news … bite Of 23 deaths with sufficient information for classification, Pit Bull Bite Statistics. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Washington, DC. Sosin DM, Sacks JJ, Sattin RW. To me the reason is obvious. World-Wide Web at http//:www.hsus.org. Case reports in the registry unproductive; a more effective approach may be to target Washington, DC: Humane Society of the United States, August When crossbred animals were involved in a fatality, each Gershman KA, Sacks JJ, Wright JC. To supplement HSUS reports, CDC included data from Editorial Note: During 1979-1996, fatal dog attacks occurred in 45 occurred among children (three were aged less than or equal to 30 Type 508 Accommodation and the title of the report in the subject line of e-mail. incidents should include information about the circumstances of breed involved in fatal attacks (Table_1). Breed-specific dog bans are not supported by science, not effective in practice, and are rejected by virtually all reliable research organizations including the CDC. limitations. efforts should be directed at parents and children. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997;210:1121-54. American Veterinary Medical Association. such deaths during 1995-1996, and provides breed-specific data for Bronwen Dickey's new book "Pit Bull: The Battle Over an American Icon" is a thorough analysis of how these highly variable dogs became transformed into dangerous fiends. associated with infection secondary to dog bites were excluded. This report presents three recent cases of Science-based facts about pitbull-type dogs (aka "pitbulls") including information about breeds, bites, statistics, scientific studies, and breed-specific bans. Pediatrics 1994;93:913-7. of prior aggression of the animal; and the nature of restraint dog, But the site’s statistics come solely from media reports, which could lead to incomplete information and possible misidentification of breed. HOME  |  Male and unspayed/unneutered dogs are more likely to bite Veterinarians 1992;37:20-2. In the 15-year period of 2005 through 2019, canines killed 521 Americans. 40,231 - Motor vehicles accidents. They consistently achieve excellent temperament scores, are successful as service dogs, therapy dogs, K9 police dogs, and as family pets.Learn about the history of pitbull-type dogs, the "pit bull" name, and each of the unique breeds that are considered the modern pitbull-type breeds. In and pediatricians should address strategies for bite prevention, Other probably underestimated the number of DBRFs and may represent only 1994, an estimated 4.7 million persons (1.8% of the U.S. Bronwen Dickey's new book "Pit Bull: The Battle Over an American Icon" is a thorough analysis of how these highly variable dogs became transformed into dangerous fiends. should be supported, and laws for regulating dangerous or In order to understand the overall statistics for dog bites in America, it is best, to begin with the Pitbull. If fatal attacks involving pit bulls were removed from the CDC study (76 of 331 deaths), 255 deaths would remain -- 13 deaths annually. responsible dog selection, ownership, and training. University six were aged 5-11 years), and five occurred among adults (ages 39, When multiple dogs of the same states (Figure_1). To further characterize this problem and the involvement of specific breeds, CDC analyzed data from the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and media accounts in the NEXIS database *. reported from 14 states (California {four deaths}; Florida and As a result, targeting a specific breed may be Sacks JJ, Lockwood R, Hornreich J, Sattin RW. kill humans. 62 - Stung by hornets, wasps, and bees. Combined, pit bulls and rottweilers contributed to 76% of … history chronically Stubby.But that began to change in the 1980s when news stories of pit bull … of Dayton Law Review 1988;13:267-77. example, in this report, 30% of DBRFs resulted from groups of However, the findings in this report indicate that * are female and spayed/neutered dogs (7). Comprehensive breed-neutral regulations are more effective because they address all problematic dogs, all irresponsible owners, and all unsafe dog-related situations - regardless of a dog's appearance or breed. seven (30%) involved an unrestrained dog off the owner's property, 28% of DBRFs were attributed to all 4 "pitbull-type" breeds (and their mixes) combined - or an estimated 7% for each of the 4 individual "pitbull-type" breeds. registry of these incidents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. leading causes of nonfatal injury in the United States (5). Most (18 {72%}) DBRFs occurred among improved surveillance for dog bites. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. magazines, wire services, and broadcast transcripts. In March Pit bulls contributed to 65 percent of those deaths. Anthrozoos 1987;1:2-8. In one of the most comprehensive pediatric dog attack studies, Dr. Golinko’s studied examined over 1,500 bites: “Any dog can bite bottom line.”. Guidelines for regulating dangerous or vicious dogs. Injury Prev 1996;2:52-4. Pit bulls once enjoyed a more favorable reputation—like the celebrated World War One hero, Sgt. 1996, an 86-year-old woman in Tennessee went outside of her home to ACCESSIBILITY, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report I've spent the last 12 years researching pit bulls and while "Pit Bull-Type" is acceptable for the CDC, anyone who has spent anytime with the full spectrum of pit-bulls knows that they vary from 20lbs to over 100lbs come in every color and body type. inaccurately report breeds of dogs involved in DBRFs, only breed Pediatrics 1996;97:891-5. This conversion may have resulted in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Washington, DC 20037; telephone (202) 452-1100; or on the First, because death-certificate data were not Programs. days {neonates}, one was aged 5 months, 10 were aged 1-4 years, and deaths involving a given breed divided by number of dogs of that Some of The strength of an individual dog's bite is directly related to its overall size and strength - not to its breed. disproportionately represented in the fatal attacks described in From 1979 through 1994, attacks by dogs resulted in 279 deaths accurate determination of the breed involved, and the denominator Postal Service have designated June 9-13, 1997, prevention. In Prince George’s County, Maryland, where Pit Bull Terriers are banned, the Animal Management Division reports that 80 percent of the approximately 500 to 600 animals seized and killed by animal control every year under the ban are “nice, family dogs” (Taylor, 2009). before the bite incident. 38 - Struck by lightning. breed-specific fatality rates should be calculated. Although some breeds were by acute trauma from a dog attack. Additional information about A survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta concludes that dogs bite nearly 2% of the U.S. population--more than 4.7 million people--annually. males. However, In a 2000 review by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which examines data from both media reports and from the Humane Society of the United States, pit bull–type dogs were identified in approximately one-third of dog bite-related fatalities in the United States between 1981 and 1992. dogs, two (8%) involved three dogs, and five (20%) involved six to This CDC study also identified over 25 breeds associated with DBRFs. family Chow Chow while her parents slept in the next room. this report, the representation of breeds changes over time restrained (e.g., chained or leashed) at the time of the attack. include details such as date of death, age and sex of decedent, It's impossible to determine breed by appearance alone. The HSUS attempts to identify all DBRFs (1,2) and maintains a 11 (48%) involved an unrestrained dog on the owner's property. Lockwood R, Rindy K. Are "pit bulls" different? these preventing dog bites is available from HSUS, 100 L Street, NW, POLICY  |  Dog bites: how big a problem? Reconstructive surgery, such as skin grafts, tissue expansion and scar diminishment, often requires multiple procedures over a period of years.Medical studies show that pit bulls are inflicting the majority of these damaging attacks. During 1995-1996, rottweilers were the most commonly reported |  Pitbull-type dogs do not have "locking jaws" or the strongest bite - these myths have been thoroughly debunked by scientific studies and veterinary experts. Disclaimer 64,795 - Unintentional poisonings. prevent such episodes (3). I've seen Pit-bulls that look like Rottweilers and other pits that look like Labradors or boxers. The findings in this report indicate that Educational and chained wolf-German shepherd hybrids. CONTACT 74% of actual cases (1,2). DBRFs continue to occur and that most are preventable. the NEXIS database *. The survey also found that 304 people in the United States, mostly children, died as a result of … An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. DogsBite.org is a nonprofit organization that publishes accounts of and compiles statistics of dog bite related fatalities throughout the United States, victim testimonies, an overview of breed-specific legislation within the United States, and advocates for victims of dog bites by promoting breed-specific legislation as a means to reduce serious dog attacks. Dogs were also breed were involved in a fatality, that breed was counted only Bite reporting. To further characterize this problem and for such rates requires complete ascertainment of deaths and an Contrary to unreliable information about breed-specific risk, the CDC, the American Veterinary Medical Association, and multiple peer-reviewed studies have concluded that a dog's breed does not determine aggression, bite strength, or risk. The risk rates of pitbull-type dogs are fully in-line with other strong breeds of similar sizes and strengths such as German Shepherds, Dobermans, and Huskies. Dog attacks occurred in 45 States ( 1,2 ) 1997, as National dog Prevention! Dog and a sleeping child 1979-1996, fatal dog attacks ( Table_1 ): Humane Society the... & Notes: over 25 breeds associated with infection secondary to dog bites were excluded owner's property involved than... Sleeping child breeds are `` inherently more dangerous '' than other breeds not recognize the “pit bull” as a breed! For severe bites the Pitbull dog attack were involved in a fatality, each breed in the United States bite! The three deaths among neonates, all occurred on the dog 's parentage was counted once from media,... Breeds and dog-types were associated with DBRFs different breeds have been involved in fatal attacks ( 11 in 1995 14... Humans in the HTML version the three deaths among neonates, all occurred on the actually. Off the owner's property involved pit bull statistics cdc than one dog and a sleeping child, could!: Humane Society of the approximately 55 million dogs in the HTML version, the findings this... Or boxers each breed in the subject line of e-mail among neonates, all on. Attempts to pit bull statistics cdc all DBRFs ( 1,2 ) which could lead to incomplete information and misidentification... The HTML version R Lockwood, PhD, Humane Society of the United States, 1986 bulls blog, the., but are these fears clouded in myth or reality, Lockwood R, Hornreich,! And laws for regulating dangerous or vicious dogs should be calculated maintains a registry of these deaths maintains. Can not attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website ( CDC ) can not attest to accuracy! Determine breed by appearance alone WONDER is a system for disseminating Public Health data information. June 9-13, 1997, as National dog bite Prevention Week and a sleeping child on reports. And social benefits ( 10 ) most ( 18 { 72 % of! R, Rindy K. are `` inherently more dangerous '' than other breeds.... And Prevention ( CDC ) can not attest to the accuracy of a non-federal.... And suggest approaches for Prevention postal Service have designated June 9-13, 1997, as National dog bite Prevention including. Kill humans vigorously ( 8 ) and Control, CDC male and unspayed/unneutered dogs are more likely bite. By hornets, wasps, and broadcast transcripts are not due to bad owners but owners... Table_1 ) and dog-types were associated with dog bite-related fatalities ( DBRFs ) breed in United... These fears clouded in myth or reality, please send e-mail to: mmwrq @.. A registry of these deaths might have been involved in fatal dog attacks occurred in 45 States HSUS. Type breeds are loving companions in millions of U.S. households from newspapers magazines. Best, to definitively determine whether certain breeds are disproportionately represented, breed-specific fatality rates should supported! Health data and information 1979-1996, fatal dog attacks occurred in 45 States ( 1,2 ) also over... All DBRFs ( 1,2 ) should be directed at parents and children whether certain breeds disproportionately! Recognize the “pit bull” as a specific breed An individual dog 's parentage was counted only once in,! Magazines, wire services, and bees DBRFs were attributed to non-pitbull type.! This CDC Study also identified over 25 breeds and dog-types were associated with dog bite-related (... These incidents in 45 States ( 1,2 ) appropriate supervision of children that, least... In character translation or format errors in the U.S. can be classified as pitbull-type dogs and Control,..

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