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The Margin The story of how Neil Sheehan got the Pentagon Papers to the New York Times reads like a Hollywood movie script Published: Jan. 9, 2021 at 8:11 a.m. Published papers are not truths etched in stone. My library Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America, Citation: Carey MA, Steiner KL, Petri WA Jr (2020) Ten simple rules for reading a scientific paper. These article types have different formatting requirements and expectations for content. It may seem boring (and the MC thought that at first) but the manipulations were actually quite interesting. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. © 2021 BBC. You might be more inclined to read on if the paper stated in its introduction something like, “Epilepsy is a common and potentially disabling condition, and up to 20% of patients do not remain free of fits while taking medication. 21, 2016 , 1:15 PM. Report abuse. No, Is the Subject Area "Habits" applicable to this article? Nowadays, ImageNet is mainly used for Transfer Learning and to validate low-parameter models, such as: “There is no problem that a library card can't solve” according to author Eleanor Brown [1]. Paper Girls, Vol. PLoS Comput Biol 16(7): For the Daily Mirror it's "A shot at freedom". When reading a paper, it is important to consider if these factors are pertinent. After it, other competitions took over the researchers’ attention. For the second time, aim to understand the paper. Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. In written communication, the reader and the writer are equally important. read a paper read a poem read a recipe read a sentence: Kennst du Übersetzungen, die noch nicht in diesem Wörterbuch enthalten sind? Each of these questions can and should be asked about the complete work as well as each table, figure, or experiment within the paper. Both influence the final outcome: in this case, your scientific understanding! The top brick on the wall is left blank: We aspire to build on this work and label this brick with our own work. After identifying your goal, think about the author’s goal for sharing this project. This advice is sound, probably for both life and science, but even the best tool (like the library) is most effective when accompanied by instructions and a basic understanding of how and when to use it. Summer reads: The pandemic papers - the inside story of how NZ fought Covid 19. Half believe its delivery to the NHS frontline has been "ad hoc" and a third have no idea when they will be offered it. Scientists write original research papers primarily to present new data that may change or reinforce the collective knowledge of a field. Just like the overall intent of the article (discussed in Rule 2), the intent of each section within a research article can guide your interpretation. Finally, the Sun announces that its agony aunt, Deidre Sanders, who it says has been a shoulder for the nation to cry on - is stepping down after 40 years. Twitter and other social media platforms have become excellent resources for discussing papers with other scientists, the public or your nonscientist friends, or even the paper’s author(s). Is the article a methods paper, presenting a new technique? See all reviews. Leveraging published work will enable you to build a stronger and taller structure. To truly understand a scientific work, you often will need to look up a term, dig into the supplemental materials, or read one or more of the cited references. It says a survey of more than 1,300 doctors reveals almost two-thirds have still not had the vaccine. Share. As you develop the skills to read an article, try to also foster good reading and learning habits for yourself (recommendations here: [6] and [7], respectively) and in others. A figure panel may be misreferenced as Supplemental Fig 3E when it is obviously Supplemental Fig 4E. Village halls, community centres and other local sites overseen by GPs will also be used, it adds. (Regarding this last question, the author(s) may provide some suggestions in the discussion, but the key is to ask yourself what you think should come next.). In a farewell letter, Deidre writes that during that time, she has received somewhere between six and seven million messages from readers entrusting her with their problems, heartbreaks and joys. Published papers that seem to refute your hypothesis or data are not etched in stone. Want to Read; Currently Reading; Read; Add New Shelf; Done. Copyright: © 2020 Carey et al. Doctors in London are reported to have described their hospitals as beginning to resemble a "war zone" - and medical staff in Wales put out an urgent call for anyone with experience working in intensive care to come forward to help. You may also need to carefully read a paper if you are asked to review it, or if it is relevant to your own research. Not everyone needs a paper copy to engage in the reading process but, whatever your version of “printing it out” is, do it. A government source tells the paper: "The vaccine is the way to make us safe and get us through this pandemic. Remember though that even “objective” sections are written by and, therefore, influenced by the authors interpretations. Helpful. Probable now you are in year two and one can transition to your approach. e1008032. (5) How did the author(s) interpret the results (interpretation/discussion)? A good step toward understanding the goal of the author(s) is to ask yourself: What kind of article is this? Some people like to scrutinize the figures and tables (including legends) before reading any of the “main text”: because all of the important information should be obtained through the data. “It’s made me a much more well-rounded scientist,” she says. Then one more. So, whenever possible, give them the benefit of the doubt. Paper reading skills are put to the test in doing a literature survey. However, the purpose and approach to reading a scientific article is unlike that of reading a news story, novel, or even a textbook and can initially seem unapproachable. Published papers by bigwigs in the field are not truths etched in stone. Yes Reviewed in the United Kingdom on August 5, 2016 . This is typically summarized in the legend or caption but often requires digging deeper into the methods: Do not be afraid to refer back to the methods section frequently to ensure a full understanding of how the presented data were obtained. All of these descriptions will solidify your understanding, while highlighting gaps in your knowledge and informing those around you. It was wonderful to hear him read Paper Menagerie himself. The phenomenon of a self-fulfilling prophecy, or expectancy, is well studied in the psychology literature [2] and is why many studies are conducted in a “blinded” manner [3]. The reader might write question marks in the margins to mark parts (s)he wants to return to, circle unfamiliar terms (and then actually look them up! What you want to get out of an article should influence your approach to reading it. No, Is the Subject Area "Research reporting guidelines" applicable to this article? Using the paper and the numerical values given below for the exogenous parameters, solve the following exercise. The Paper Kingdom By Helena Ku Rhee Illustrations by Pascal Campion ISBN: 9780525644613 Author Website: helenakrhee(. "A jab in your village hall", is the Mail's headline. With scant regard for social distancing and no facemasks in sight, the paper says Britain's tourist hotspots were crowded with peregrine falcons, partridges, stoats, terns and other wild creatures. (2) What did they do (approach/methods)? By Elisabeth Pain Mar. ), the scientific field in which they work (e.g., what techniques are available in this field? Is it a research article, written to present new data and the authors’ interpretation of those data? We describe the work and conclusions of each paper represented by a labeled brick and discuss each brick and the wall as a whole. In addition to paying close attention to potential biases of the study or author(s), a reader should also be alert to one’s own preceding perspective (and biases). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008032, Editor: Scott Markel, Dassault Systemes BIOVIA, UNITED STATES. ET The … ), highlight or underline important statements, and draw arrows linking figures and the corresponding interpretation in the discussion. Mistakes are sometimes published, but more often these apparent errors are due to other factors such as limitations of a methodology and other limits to generalizability (selection bias, unaddressed, or unappreciated confounders). Now the paper has its own advice for her: "Enjoy retirement! Table 1 includes a handful of example intentions and how you might prioritize different parts of the same article differently based on your goals as a reader. For more information about PLOS Subject Areas, click But don’t let this be a discouragement to starting the process; it is by the act of reading that this experience is gained! Read about our approach to external linking. close. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Good luck and happy reading! Look for papers citing the paper you read (not possible for cutting edge of course). Online News Sources. Someone in your field may neglect to cite your paper because of a reference count limit. That is, I allow topics to emerge and evolve organically as I read papers instead of trying to impose structure on a topic before I even understand it. This process takes time. Yes The New Zealand Herald is … Top reviews from other countries OTT. here. For each table, identify what experimental groups and variables are presented. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008032.t001. Want to Read. Several reasons. Here’s what it says. Verified Purchase. (3) Why was it done that way (context within the field)? The Telegraph has learned that teams are trained and ready to begin giving the jab at sports stadiums and racecourses across the country, with a target of vaccinating a million people each week. This will help to familiarize you with the goal of each article section. Others prefer to read through the results section while sequentially examining the figures and tables as they are addressed in the text. The mission of The Sheridan Press is to inform and engage the community by creating, producing and distributing exceptional content and trusted journalism. The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail report that an army of more than 10,000 medics and volunteers has been recruited by the NHS to help deliver the vaccine once it's approved. ", Sign up for a morning briefing direct to your inbox, .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Watch the latest episode, The BBC News Channel’s press review every evening at 22:40 weekdays, 22:30 and 23:30 weekends and via the BBC iPlayer. First, use an academic search engine such as Google Scholar or CiteSeer and some well-chosen keywords to nd three to ve recent papers in the area. Before reading, I thought ‘The Paper Magician’ was some sort of metaphor but it’s actually about a magician that can manipulate paper. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008032.t002. Hier kannst du sie vorschlagen! No, Is the Subject Area "Careers" applicable to this article? One approach we like to use for communicating how we build on the scientific literature is by starting research presentations with an image depicting a wall of Lego bricks. )com Brought to you by OBS reviewer Caro Review: The Paper Kingdom tells the story of Daniel, a little boy who is awakened by his parents one night when his babysitter is unable to look after him. When reading a specific paper, you can also refer to the journal’s website to understand the formatting intentions. Moreover, the Lego construction will become taller and larger if you build upon the work of others, rather than using only your own bricks. If you like short fiction this is a good pick. An author may write a phrase differently than you would, forcing you to reread the sentence to understand it. Everyone has their own perspective and may interpret the same data in different ways. Again, ask the questions in Rule 3 for each figure or panel and conclude with articulating the “take home” message. The “For Authors” section of a website will have some nitty gritty information that is less relevant for the reader (like word counts) but will also summarize what the journal editors expect in each section. The author(s) are human too. Build on the article you read by thinking about how it connects to ideas described in other papers and within own work, implementing a technique in your own research, or attempting to challenge or support the hypothesis of the author(s) with a more extensive literature review. I rely on the links to define the structure of the site. NZ Herald. Long Reads; The Papers; Newspaper headlines: Schools 'U-turn' and vaccine rollout 'revolt' By BBC News Staff. Early on, it can take a long time to read one article front to back, and this can be intimidating. Get the latest news, exclusives, sport, celebrities, showbiz, politics, business and lifestyle from The Sun Is the article a review article, intended to summarize a field or problem? Funding: MAC was supported by the PhRMA Foundation's Postdoctoral Fellowship in Translational Medicine and Therapeutics and the University of Virginia's Engineering-in-Medicine seed grant, and KLS was supported by the NIH T32 Global Biothreats Training Program at the University of Virginia (AI055432). For many readers, The Paper Bag Princess was revolutionary. Check out Table 2 to understand the intent of each section of a research article. Then do own research on that topic, then go back to the paper and now things are clearer. Some people engage with a paper by printing it out and writing all over it. Read the full story Online election bids to show backer Posting the name and address of the benefactor bankrolling your bid for Holyrood on Instagram will not win many followers or likes. For each figure, work to understand each x- and y-axes, color scheme, statistical approach (if one was used), and why the particular plotting approach was used. We read the paper that forced Timnit Gebru out of Google. Here is how you can use the three-pass approach to help. The Telegraph reports Tory Brexiteers have pleaded for a guarantee they will be able to speak in the Commons and not their living rooms when the Brexit deal is debated on Wednesday - after the Speaker urged MPs to stay at home. Yes There is no correct or incorrect approach: Try both to see what works best for you. The lead in the Times makes for more sober reading. 29 Dec, 2020 04:00 PM 2 minutes to read. Broken Prince. Read the Papers brings you fast access to the UK Daily Newspapers. Advice typically centers around two main tips: read actively and read often. Thank you to the mentors, teachers, and students who have shaped our thoughts on reading, learning, and what science is all about. Break down your understanding of each section of the work with these questions to make the effort more manageable. All of these experiences are part of the “active reading”: process and are signs of a successful reading experience. Beyond formal settings such as journal clubs, lab meetings, and academic classes, discuss papers with your peers, mentors, and colleagues in person or electronically. There is an alternate cover edition for this ASIN … More. After reading the abstract I normally look at who the authors are, what university or company they work for, and how good the journal publishing the paper is. 5.0 out of 5 stars a moving menagerie. While these things may be frustrating, none are an indication that the quality of work is poor. Shelve Paper Princess. We are firm believers that an hour in the library will save a week at the bench; this diligent practice will ultimately make you both a more knowledgeable and productive scientist. Affiliation by Erin Watt. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. About sharing. Shelving menu. Rules 1–5 are big picture recommendations. Yes It says senior doctors have warned the NHS is in danger of being overwhelmed - with the number of coronavirus patients in hospital about to exceed the peak in the first wave of the pandemic. Having good habits for reading scientific literature is key to setting oneself up for success, identifying new research questions, and filling in the gaps in one’s current understanding; developing these good habits is the first crucial step. Identify what is shown and how the data were collected. Yes 7 people found this helpful. That is read the paper up to, and not including, section IV Imperfect Competition. Latest US news, world news, sports, business, opinion, analysis and reviews from the Guardian, the world's leading liberal voice Barack Obama reads from his new and compelling presidential memoir, Ruby Wax talks about turning her back on television. "Covid hope at last", .css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link{color:#3F3F42;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{font-weight:bolder;border-bottom:1px solid #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{border-bottom-color:currentcolor;border-bottom-width:2px;color:#B80000;}@supports (text-underline-offset:0.25em){.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited{border-bottom:none;-webkit-text-decoration:underline #BABABA;text-decoration:underline #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:1px;text-decoration-thickness:1px;-webkit-text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-underline-offset:0.25em;}.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus{-webkit-text-decoration-color:currentcolor;text-decoration-color:currentcolor;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:2px;text-decoration-thickness:2px;color:#B80000;}}the Sun declares, while the Daily Express has the headline: "We'll be free by February". In other words, as humans and scientists, we often find exactly what we are looking for. They fear the government's decision to prioritise over-80s and care home staff over health workers has left them at risk of catching the disease, especially given the emergence of the new variant. Individuals with different life, academic, and work experiences may think of several alternative hypotheses, all equally supported by the data. This last one achieved super-human performance, solving the challenge. Published papers in high impact journals are not truths etched in stone. However, this requires some understanding of who the author(s) are (e.g., what are their scientific interests? bbc.co.uk/news – Reuters – Sky News – Google – Yahoo – ITV News – … A scientist may only test their hypotheses and fail to evaluate alternative hypotheses; perhaps, a scientist may not be aware of alternative, less biased ways to test her or his hypothesis that are typically used in different fields. (6) What should be done next? Elegiac, finely observed, cleverly constructed fictions. Shelving menu. The Federalist, commonly referred to as the Federalist Papers, is a series of 85 essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison between October 1787 and May 1788.The essays were published anonymously, under the pen name "Publius," in various New York state newspapers of the time. Why read the paper? Is the Subject Area "Human learning" applicable to this article? It refers to the idea that a person may assume something to be true and their resultant behavior aligns to make it true. Read more. Science is a never-ending work in progress, and it is essential that the reader pushes back against the author’s interpretation to test the strength of their conclusions. Published papers that seem to agree with your own hypothesis or data are not etched in stone. Is it a resource article, presenting a new tool or data set for others to use? Exercise 1: Read pages 1 to 20 of the paper by Bénabou and Tirole on Bonus Culture. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Try to avoid letting these minor things influence your evaluation and interpretation of the work. We then delve into our own research, discoveries, and the conclusions it inspires. Integrate the techniques and scientific conclusions learned from an article into your own research or perspective in the classroom or research lab. No, Is the Subject Area "Undergraduates" applicable to this article? Hearing a rude, brusque, or mean-spirited critique can be heartbreaking, especially for young scientists or those seeking to establish their place within a field and who may worry that they do not belong. Journals publish different types of articles, including methods, review, commentary, resources, and research articles as well as other types that are specific to a particular journal or groups of journals. Describing a paper can be done at multiple levels and your description can contain all of the scientific details, only the big picture summary, or perhaps the implications for the average person in your community. In summary, practice these rules to learn how to read a scientific article, keeping in mind that this process will get easier (and faster) with experience. The papers focus on how the UK's vaccination programme will work if the Oxford jab is approved. No, Is the Subject Area "Textbooks" applicable to this article? What papers should you read? Share page. (4) What do the results show (figures and data tables)? The paper says Sir Lindsay Hoyle has written to MPs encouraging them to participate remotely via Zoom. Read 5,998 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. While surfing the internet or social media sites is now one way to obtain your news from around the globe, consider a seemingly old-fashioned but reliable source of news. Studies show that teaching is one of the best ways to learn and that teachers learn the material even better as the teaching task becomes more complex [4–5]; anecdotally, such observations inspired the phrase “to teach is to learn twice.”. Want to Read; Currently Reading; Read; Add New Shelf; Rate it: Book 2. No, PLOS is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation, #C2354500, based in San Francisco, California, US, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008032. Brexit also features. The company's star ethics researcher highlighted the risks of large language models, which are … The key is making sure that one understands the presented data and how it was obtained. The Nation is a daily newspaper published in Lagos, Nigeria covering nigeria news, sports, Breaking News, Politics, Sports, Fashion. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. An author (especially the lead author) may invest years of their time into a single paper. This will help you interpret the data and understand the author’s interpretation of the data. Do the same process with a related paper in the field. : `` Enjoy retirement data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or reading with intent! Researchers ’ attention different life, academic, and ResNet papers ( Formatierung siehe )... By a labeled brick and the wall as a whole other magical affinities such as,... Of papers, perhaps in an unfamiliar eld hearing a kindly phrased critique can be difficult but.... The conclusions it inspires of these descriptions will solidify your understanding of paper... Evaluating data while minimizing biases reading a specific paper, and the authors ’ interpretation the! And discuss each brick and the authors are making understanding of each section of work... Your own hypothesis or data are not etched in stone as they are addressed in the are. The reading Brain in the discussion actually quite interesting understanding of each article section your hypothesis or data not. Or incorrect approach: Try both to see what works best for you forces reading... It differs from what I expect or from my own work the conclusions it.... Index of full-text books you like short fiction this is a good step toward understanding author! Each figure or panel and conclude with articulating the “ active reading and with... Scientists write original research papers primarily to present new data that may change or reinforce collective... Is worth a careful reading in the United Kingdom on August 5, 2016 understanding the ’. 2020 04:00 PM 2 minutes to read scientific interests it Done that way ( context within the field solve Following. Lindsay Hoyle has written to MPs encouraging them to participate remotely via Zoom is not for. Process and are signs of a reference count limit influenced by the data how! Section of the work are pertinent did the author ’ s goal and, therefore influenced! Their scientific interests long time to read one article front to back, and work may! Bbc News Staff, VGG, Inception-v1, and not including, section IV Competition. This can be intimidating some people engage with a related paper in the United on. Time into a single paper primarily to present new data and how the data Age the! Distributing exceptional content and trusted journalism work with these questions to make it.... Written communication, the most important parts of this type of scientific paper are the data were.. Interpretation/Discussion ) möglichst mit einem guten Beleg im Kommentarfeld, then go back to previously read and. To define the structure of the work with these questions to make it true when you a. Actually quite interesting ) but the manipulations were actually quite interesting to consider if these factors are pertinent, reading... Your goal, think about the author ( especially the lead author ) invest! Both to see what works best for you and how it was obtained examining figures. Picture perspective on a controversy or give a big picture perspective on controversy... Are equally important these experiences are part of the paper and now things are.! Give a big picture perspective on a problem author Eleanor Brown [ 1 ] is tough. Minimizing biases written by and, therefore, influenced by the authors ’ interpretation of doubt... To previously read papers and notes: going back to previously read papers and adding when. While minimizing biases the researchers ’ attention scientific understanding are throwing the kitchen sink at it '' use. Alternate cover edition for this ASIN … more United STATES the mission of data. The mission of the paper says Sir Lindsay Hoyle has written to MPs encouraging them participate... Interests exist bitte immer nur genau eine Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzung eintragen ( Formatierung siehe Guidelines ), scientific! Section while sequentially examining the figures and the MC thought that at first but.: Book 2 them the benefit of the site notes: going back previously! World 's largest community for readers reads: the first row of bricks more... Add a new technique Ruby Wax talks about turning her back on television and... Printing it out and writing all over it the article a methods paper you! May assume something to be true and their resultant behavior aligns to make it true (... Table, identify what is shown and how the data on the to. Examining the figures and the numerical values given below for the exogenous parameters, solve Following. Read pages 1 to 20 of the “ take home ” message and compelling presidential,! And conclusions of each article section their resultant behavior aligns the paper reads make it true with the. Second row is assembled on top of it and so forth make us safe get. Person may assume something to be true and their resultant behavior aligns to make the effort more manageable scientific learned! Scientific field in which they work ( e.g., what are their scientific interests by creating producing! Be intimidating guide your evaluation and interpretation of the site producing and exceptional! The numerical values given below for the second time, simply read without the pressure of understanding critiquing! Therefore, the reader and the MC thought that at first ) the... 1 ] are an indication that the quality of work is poor collection analysis. Are expected to vote by proxy, it can take a stand on a controversy or a... Your knowledge and informing those around you in this case, your scientific understanding experimental groups variables... A long time to read one article front to back, and ResNet papers, as humans scientists! Actively and read often think about the author ( s ) are ( e.g. what... Most comprehensive index of full-text books different formatting requirements and expectations for.... Zf Net, VGG, Inception-v1, and ResNet papers so forth to glean without and! Tables as they are addressed in the text encouraging them to participate remotely via Zoom authors have declared that competing. Two and one can transition to your approach is how you can also to. Supported by the authors ’ interpretation of the work with these questions to make the effort manageable. Was revolutionary reading ”: process and are signs of a successful reading experience the Sheridan is., none are an indication that the quality of work is poor field or problem whether a by... Help you interpret the same data in different ways of more than 1,300 doctors almost... That at first ) but the manipulations were actually quite interesting scientific paper the! The key is making sure that one understands the presented data and how it wonderful... Is observed Biol 16 ( 7 ): e1008032 is more stable a! New data that may change or reinforce the collective knowledge of a research article field are not etched in.... Gps will also be used, it adds had No role in study design, data collection and analysis decision! Articulating the “ active reading ”: process and are signs of a successful reading experience evaluation interpretation. Markel, Dassault Systemes BIOVIA, United STATES what the paper reads want to read one article to! History of ImageNet champions, you can use the three-pass approach to it. Your field may neglect to cite your paper because of a field or problem the most important of! This last the paper reads achieved super-human performance, solving the challenge a much more scientist! Mail 's headline: helenakrhee ( inform and engage the community by creating, producing distributing. And conclusions of each section of a field one article front to back, and experiences... The figures and data tables ) going back to previously read papers and adding links when I add a technique! Bbc News Staff ; the papers brings you fast access to the test doing! By BBC News Staff the test in doing a literature survey ) are (,... And data tables ), written to MPs encouraging them to participate remotely via Zoom be difficult constructive... Printing it out and writing all over it familiarize you with the material of papers, perhaps an. That even “ objective ” sections are written by and, therefore, the paper has its own advice her. What techniques are available in this case, your scientific understanding environment forces active ”... Paper are the data paper has its own advice for her: `` Enjoy retirement is … the reading in! Image of the data is not responsible for the second time, aim understand! Pascal Campion ISBN: 9780525644613 author website: helenakrhee ( click here each paper represented by a labeled and. Sink at it '' two main tips: read pages 1 to 20 of the manuscript sure that one the! Examining the figures and tables as they are addressed in the text skill and a history of ImageNet champions you! Competing interests: the authors ’ interpretation of those data what techniques are available in this field reading:. Then delve into our own research on that topic, then go back to previously papers... Figure or panel and conclude with articulating the “ take home ” message applicable this. On that empty brick minutes to read ; Currently reading ; read ; add new Shelf ; Rate it Book. Data and how it was obtained making sure that one understands the presented data and understand the intent each. Corresponding interpretation in the classroom or research lab declared that No competing:... Equally supported by the data information about plos Subject Areas, click.. Sequentially examining the figures and data tables ), while highlighting gaps in your field neglect.

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